The locks were designed so that each needed only one person for its operation. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Much of the early industrialization and urbanization of the West can be attributed to the Erie Canal. The story of the Erie Canal . Please select which sections you would like to print: While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies. On the eastern section, the lower Mohawk Valley required the construction of 27 locks over only 50 km (30 miles) in order to surmount a series of natural rapids, including those found in Cohoes and Little Falls. Instead of staying at inns along the way, sightseers slept on packets boats pulled by mules through the night. M 71, Buffalo News Co., Buffalo, N.Y.) courtesy ErieCanal.org. Have students label the Erie Canal on … The canal was necessary because the Niagara River, the natural connection between Lakes Erie and Ontario, has impassable falls and rapids. The canal consisted of 85 locks to manage a 500 foot (150 meter) rise in elevation from the Hudson River to Buffalo. Explain to your students that they will be viewing a video clip that explains the history of the Erie Canal. Proposed by New York City mayor Dewitt Clinton, the Erie Canal was a manmade waterway built to create a sea route from the Atlantic Ocean and New York City to the Great Lakes by linking the Hudson River at Albany, NY, to Lake Erie in Buffalo. The Erie Canal Discovery Center/Lockport Visitor Center has been given a 21st century technology boost to help tourists and local residents understand the 19th century Erie Canal … Begun in 1817 and opened in its entirety 1825, the Erie Canal is considered the engineering marvel of the 19th Century. Under the leadership of Philip Schuyler, the company focused most of its activity on the Mohawk River, clearing the riverbed and digging several short canals to bypass river rapids. 1910 (finding aid), William Jaeger's photography of the Canal remains. In 1820 the state of New York purchased the company’s works, closing the books on the 18th-century canal scheme. It mandates that a federal court must apply state substantive law in diversity jurisdiction cases. "Traveling on the Erie Canal" The original Illustration was taken from Graham's Magazine, 1828. Erie Canal has been listed as a level-4 vital article in Geography. All of the Erie Canal is inside of New York state. Each contractor was then responsible for supplying equipment and for hiring, supervising, and paying his own workers. It also affected New York City. The Erie Canal was built from the Hudson River to Lake Erie. Perfect for students and lifelong learners. It ran 363 miles, was 40 feet wide and 4 feet deep, although the canal was often enlarged later. Young American Republic", "Brine, Boats & Bureaucrats: Salt and the Erie Canal", "Erie Canalway National Heritage Corridor", "Hints of Comeback for Nation's First Superhighway", "Railroads and the Making of Modern America | Search", "ERIE CANAL DISCOVERY: The great embankment", "Dedication of the Flight of Five Locks as a Civil Engineering Landmark (9/9/2012)", "N.Y. Power Authority to Assume Ownwership of Canal Corporation on New Year's Day", "Commercial Shipping and Towing - New York State Canals", Report on Economic Benefits of Non‐Tourism Use of the NYS Canal System, National Historic Landmarks Survey, New York, "A Joint Investigation into the Contract Between the New York State Canal Corporation and Richard A. Hutchens CC, LLC", New York State Canal Corporation – Canal Map, New York State Canals, New York State Canal Corporation – Frequently Asked Questions, Erie Canal case study in Transition Times, Information and Boater's Guide to the Erie Canal, Historical information (with photos) of the Erie Canal, Video showing the operations of Lock 22E in 2016, The Opening of the Erie Canal – An Online Exhibition by CUNY, Digging Clinton's Ditch: The Impact of the Erie Canal on America 1807–1860, Guide to Canal Records in the New York State Archives, New York Heritage – Working on the Erie Canal, Photographs of the Erie Canal Relating to Fort Hunter, N.Y. Ca. From commercial artery to national symbol, https://www.britannica.com/topic/Erie-Canal, Ohio History Central - Miami and Erie Canal, Erie Canal - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Erie Canal - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Locks were designed so that each needed only one person for its operation inns the. 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