In the mere six weeks during which the Japanese perpetrated the Nanking Massacre starting on Dec. 13, 1937, an estimated 20,000-80,000 Chinese women were brutally raped and sexually assaulted by the invading soldiers. While Europe was struggling to hold off the Nazi war machine, China was fending off the Japanese invasion that first launched in late 1937. The atrocities committed by the Japanese military during WWII are so brutal that it is almost impossible to comprehend them. for medical and chemical weapons research, At Japan's notorious base in Pingfang, China, real cases of multiple personality disorder, important personalities in the field of criminology. The Japanese Army was moving through China at the outset of their invasion, massacring and looting with strict orders to “kill all captives.”, The Japanese didn’t stop there, though. The scale and savagery of the Rape of Nanking defy explanation. Besides, we count more than 150,000 victims of barbarian acts buried by the charity organizations. Nanjing Massacre, conventional Nanking Massacre, also called Rape of Nanjing, (December 1937–January 1938), mass killing and ravaging of Chinese citizens and capitulated soldiers by soldiers of the Japanese Imperial Army after its seizure of Nanjing, China, on December 13, 1937, during the Sino-Japanese War that preceded World War II. race to see who could slaughter 100 people with their swords first, Japanese Prime Minister Shinzō Abe issued a statement, John Rabe, the Nazi who saved thousands of Chinese people from the Nanking Massacre. The Japanese gathered 60,000 POWs and 200,000 enslaved local laborers and forced them to work day and night through monsoons and sweltering heat. Right: Elsewhere, a man is left blindfolded and tied up. Alexandra Hospital massacre Laha massacre Banka Island massacre Parit Sulong Massacre Palawan massacre SS Behar SS Tjisalak massacre perpetrated by Japanese submarine I-8 Wake Island massacre Tinta Massacre Bataan Death March Shin'yō Maru Incident … Dead bodies litter the area as Japanese soldiers push a cart to carry their ill-gotten gains as they loot buildings. One shows Japanese soldiers bayoneting prisoners to death in the former Chinese capital of Nanking in 1937 during the Second Sino-Japanese War. Left: A Chinese woman is tied to a pole and forcibly kissed by a Japanese soldier. Japanese soldiers drag the dead into the Yangtze River behind a boat. Rape! Few -- if any -- of these men were likely spared. By the men’s own admission, the victims were unarmed, defenseless people. From the invasion of China in 1937 to the end of World War II, the Japanese military regime murdered near 3,000,000 to over 10,000,000 people, most probably almost 6,000,000 Chinese, Indonesians, Koreans, Filipinos, and Indochinese, among others, including Western prisoners of war. In this lesson, students examine how two textbooks – one Japanese and the other Chinese – depict what happened during the Japanese occupation of Nanking. A grinning Japanese soldier holds the severed head of a victim in his hand. When Japanese soldiers and officials were tried and executed for war crimes just after World War II, the court found that at least 200,000 had perished during the Rape of Nanking. The car just had to drive over these dead bodies." A 16-year-old girl who had been gang-raped and infected with venereal disease by Japanese soldiers during the Nanking Massacre. One Japanese journalist, traveling with the 10th Army, wrote in his notes that he believed the army was moving forward with such strength because of the “tacit consent among the officers and men that they could loot and rape as they wish.”. To the invading army, the Rape of Nanking was sometimes even a game. At Japan's notorious base in Pingfang, China, doctors put people in pressure chambers to see how much pressure the human body could withstand before exploding. 9/18/1947- (Most Recent)From: Series: Signal Corps Photograph Collection: Equipment File, ca. They also infected civilians with diseases and then dissected them to examine the effects of the disease. Illustrator: L. G. Illingworth, from British Punch humor/satire magazine, September 5, 1945 pulled from the magazine, not a modern reproduction. In the mere six weeks during which the Japanese perpetrated the Nanking Massacre starting on Dec. 13, 1937, an estimated 20,000-80,000 Chinese women were brutally raped and sexually assaulted by the invading soldiers. Once he reached the waterfront, he witnessed the massacre of 200 men within just ten minutes. "Five returned. They were civilians, unarmed and defenseless, and many of them were put through unimaginable hell before they were killed. The Nanjing Massacre was a massacre (an unjust killing of many people) that happened in Nanjing, China, in December of 1937 and January of 1938.It was part of the Second Sino-Japanese War, which was the part of World War II between China and Japan.At the time, Japan was trying to take over China and Nanjing was the Chinese capital.The Japanese Army reached Nanjing on 13 December 1937 and … SHOCKING pictures have shed light on why soldiers commit horrific atrocities during times of war. When the Chinese emerged victorious with the Allies at the end of World War II, many seemed ready to exact retribution for these crimes. On December 13, 1937, Japanese troops began a six-week-long massacre that essentially destroyed the Chinese city of Nanking. Called “comfort women," these predominantly Korean women were sent throughout East Asia to work in brothels catering to the Japanese military. They fought hard, in the end losing as many as 20 million lives (the second most of any country involved in the war) to keep the Japanese Empire from conquering much of East Asia and the Pacific. A Japanese rifleman approaches a Chinese farmer. As those who are related to the prewar military, we simply apologize deeply to the people of China. By the time the worst of the Rape of Nanking had ended, an estimated 300,000 people were dead – mostly within a matter of weeks. In 1937, at the beginning of the Sino-Japanese War - the conflict between Japan and China that would eventually become the Pacific branch of WWII - the Japanese invaded Nanking, the capital city of Nationalist China. Universal History Archive/UIG via Getty Images. Various Japanese textbooks, however, have downplayed or overlooked the scale and scope of these events. Noda admitted, after the war ended: “We’d line them up and cut them down, from one end of the line to the other.”, What's more, this admission wasn’t an apology. 10 Japanese Atrocities From World War II. Among the invading army, nothing was forbidden and they believed that gave them strength. "After being stripped and raped by one or more men," a reporter for. Just seconds before, Noda had scoffed at his victims for letting him kill them, saying, “The Chinese soldiers were so stupid.” He also added, "Afterward, I was often asked whether it was a big deal, and I said it was no big deal.". In 2015, Japanese Prime Minister Shinzō Abe issued a statement to mark the 70th anniversary of World War II's conclusion and drew widespread criticism for not actually apologizing in the process (which has helped fuel current tensions between China and Japan). From “The Second World War: Prelude to Conflict” (1963), a documentary by Encyclopædia Britannica Educational Corporation. Punch, a magazine of humor and satire, ran from 1841-2002. A Chinese man holds his son, who was wounded in a bombing, and begs for help. Tomoyuki Yamashita (山下 奉文, Yamashita Tomoyuki, 8 November 1885 – 23 February 1946; also called Tomobumi Yamashita) was a Japanese general of the Imperial Japanese Army during World War II.Yamashita led Japanese forces during the invasion of Malaya and Battle of Singapore, with his accomplishment of conquering Malaya and Singapore in 70 days earning him the sobriquet "The Tiger … Meanwhile, one writer for The New York Times who was on the scene wrote, "I drove down to the waterfront in my car. The burned down the city’s walls, the people’s homes, the surrounding forests, and even whole villages situated in their path. And as many as 17 million Chinese casualties weren’t soldiers. They made these women suffer in the worst ways possible. A young Chinese civilian kneels down, his hands tied behind his back, awaiting execution by beheading at the hands of a Japanese soldier during the Nanking Massacre. A Japanese soldier prepares to publicly behead a young Chinese boy. Moreover, intense controversy surrounds these estimates, reflecting just how divisive the "forgotten Holocaust," in the words of author Iris Chang, remains to this day. A man kneels down and awaits execution by sword. 'Interest in war crimes has been revived by the conflicts in the former Yugoslavia and so actions from 50 or more years ago are increasingly being re-examined.' In 2015, the prime minister of Japan officially apologized for the practice and agreed to pay a sum of 1 billion yen, or about $9 million, to the 46 surviving comfort women.