Dalbergia melanoxylon is a small, spiny, deciduous tree, which grows 5 to 7 m tall. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 1998: e.T32504A9710439. Dalbergia melanoxylon is distributed in South Africa (where it occurs in the provinces of Limpopo and Mpumalanga), Swaziland, Botswana and Namibia, northwards to Senegal and eastwards to Eritrea, Ethiopia and Kenya. The database and code is licensed under a Dalbergia melanoxylon is a flowering plant in the family Fabaceae, native to seasonally dry regions of Africa from Senegal east to Eritrea and south to the north-eastern parts of South Africa. Habitant and Distribution of Dalbergia melanoxylon The interest of early researchers as Guillemin & Perrottet 1832 (Guill & Perr) and others in the mid-1960’s were based on ethnobotanical research on Dalbergia melanoxylon including the habitat, ecology, distribution, economic uses, nomenclature and Synonyms of this species. Lusaka 1976 Drawing: Patricia Bingham. They can be used to prevent soil erosion because of its extensive root system. The pale yellow sapwood is usually very thin, and is clearly demarcated from the darker heartwood. The heartwood of Dalbergia melanoxylon (trade names: African blackwood, African ebony, grenadille d’Afrique, ébène du Sénégal, ébène du Mozambique) was already used by the ancient Egyptians for artefacts and for furniture such as thrones and beds. Its black heartwood has been highly prized since ancient times and used for carving and to make artefacts. Dalbergia melanoxylon: valuable wood from a neglected tree. If you would like to support this site, please consider. Germination can be expected after 8 days. ), sebrahout, swartdriedoring, driedoringebbehout (Afr. Dalbergia melanoxylon. It is a small tree that grows usually 4 - 15 m in height with grey bark, spiny shoots, pinnately compound leaves that are arranged alternately, and white flowers that form into dense clusters. Field guide to trees of southern Africa. This tree is found as an understorey tree in open miombo woodland dominated by species of Brachystegia, Julbernardia and Isoberlinia, but is most common near water. Since 1996 the African Blackwood Conservation Project (ABCP) has been committed to replanting the tree species Dalbergia melanoxylon – more commonly known as grenadilla, African blackwood or mpingo (Swahili) – in its native habitat of eastern Africa. Amerimnon melanoxylon (Guill. Dalbergia melanoxylon is a small, heavily branched tree, typically 4.5-7.5 m tall but occasionally reaching 15 m. The bole is fluted with high narrow ribs separated by deep indentations. Cambridge, UK: Fauna and Flora International. African Blackwood. Dalbergia stevensonii is an evergreen Tree growing to 20 m (65ft) by 20 m (65ft) at a slow rate. Spiny shrub or tree, up to 5–12(–30) m. tall, typically several-stemmed and much branched to form a low irregularly shaped crown; bark grey, ultimately rough and fissured or … The flowers are pollinated by Insects. Trees provide shelter and make useful windbreaks and live fences. & Perr. This species is not threatened in South Africa and is evaluated as Least Concern (LC) on the Red List of South African plants. The generic name Dalbergia honours the Swedish brothers Nils and Carl Dalberg, botanists who lived in the eighteenth century. If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. Seeds are kidney-shaped. The bark is pale grey, smooth, but becoming rough and flaking with age. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. Dalbergia is a large genus of small to medium-size trees, shrubs and lianas in the pea family, Fabaceae, subfamily Faboideae.It was recently assigned to the informal monophyletic Dalbergia clade (or tribe): the Dalbergieae. Dalbergia melanoxylon is widely distributed in Africa, from Senegal across to Sudan, Eritrea and northern Ethiopia, Uganda and Kenya. with help from In: Louppe, D., Oteng-Amoako, A.A. & Brink, M. (Eds). Seeds must be collected when they are brown, cleaned by removing the papery pod and sown when they are still fresh, without pre-treatment, in a seed tray filled with a well-drained sowing medium (e.g. Click here to register. Leaves are compound (imparipinnate); leaflets are oval, clustered on small branches. (Dalbergia melanoxylon) Unfortunately, I have only worked with and seen African Blackwood once in my life. To the south, it ranges from Angola to Zambia, Tanzania and Mozambique, as far south as the Transvaal (Gillett et al., 1971; Redhead and Temu, 1981). Uses Foden, W. & Potter, L. 2005. Branches are clustered at the nodes. Trees and shrubs of Mpumalanga and Kruger National Park. Struik, Cape Town. Distribution: A rather extensive range in savanna regions from Sudan southward to Mozambique, westward to Angola, and then northward to Nigeria and Senegal. A bagpipe practice chanter made out of African Blackwood. Mature trees are fire tolerant and young seedlings are harmed by fire. & Perrottet (syn. Dalbergia melanoxylon (African blackwood, grenadilla, or mpingo) is a flowering plant in the family Fabaceae, native to seasonally dry regions of Africa from Senegal east to Eritrea and south to the north-eastern parts of South Africa.The tree is an important timber species in its native areas; it is used in the manufacture of musical instruments and fine furniture. Dalbergia melanoxylon. It produces a dense timber highly prized for its rich colour but is highly variable in form and very slow-growing, needing seventy years or more to reach timber-harvesting size. African Blackwood is heavy, dense, very hard and very durable, and one of the most valuable timbers in Africa. Grow this tree in a sunny position, in clayey soil with water in summer. Color/Appearance: Often completely black, with little or no discernible grain. & Perr. Dalbergia melanoxylon. Login to add your Comment Dalbergia melanoxylon je strom z čeledi bobovitých, pocházející z Afriky a poskytující ceněné dřevo, známé jako grenadill či jako nepravý nebo Mosambický eben, případně babanus. Moore K; Hall J, 1987. & Perr.) Comments: Madagascar Rosewood is comprised of a number of Dalbergia species only found on the African island of Madagascar. Ajna Fern According to Woods and Calnan (1976), in England, clarinets are usually made of African blackwood. The sapwood is yellowish white, and makes an eye-catching contrast with the black heartwood. World Conservation Monitoring Centre 1998. Van Wyk, B. Flowers are a good source of nectar for honey bees. Dalbergia melanoxylon Guill. Trees are slow growing, although the plant may reach about 3 m in 10 years; They take up to 100 years to produce a trunk with enough heartwood worth harvesting. The fruit is a pod with one or two seeds per pod. web interface by Bole length occasionally reaches 3.6 m but normally ranges within .2-1.8 m. Average dbh at maturity is less Oil is extracted from the seedand tannin from the bark. Dalbergia melanoxylon is pollinated by bees. ]. The genus has a wide distribution, native to the tropical regions of Central and South America, Africa, Madagascar and southern Asia It is often multi-stemmed and much-branched, forming a low, irregularly shaped crown. National Assessment: Red List of South African Plants version 2017.1. Accessed on 2019/12/02. African blackwood (Dalbergia melanoxylon) is known as an indispensable material for the production of musical instruments, e.g., clarinets, oboes, and piccolos. D. melanoxylon is relatively slow growing. Kuntze. It grows very well in sandy, loam and clay soils. This question is for testing whether or not you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions. African Ebony originates from dry parts of tropical and subtropical Africa, its natural range extending from Senegal to South Sudan and from Ethiopia, through Kenya, to southern Africa.. In: Sustainable Production of African blackwood Dalbergia melanoxylon. Not registered yet? PROTA, Wageningen, Netherlands. The specific name is Greek and means ‘dark wood’. Conservation. The tree is an important timber species in its native areas; it is used in the manufacture of … This wood is often used for flutes and other instruments, especially in Germany. The following is a list of 14 African Hardwoods along with their various qualities and how they are commonly used: 1. Of further concern is the scarcity of substitute woods for these uses. Medicinal Uses – Dalbergia melanoxylon is well known throughout eastern Africa as a medicinal tree, usage being made of its bark, leaves and roots, and it is found in many listings of African medicinal plants. Comments have to be approved before they are shown here. Amerimnon melanoxylon (Guill. Dalbergia melanoxylon (African blackwood, grenadilla, or mpingo) is a flowering plant in the family Fabaceae, native to seasonally dry regions of Africa from Senegal east to Eritrea and south to the north-eastern parts of South Africa.The tree is an important timber species in its native areas; it is used in the manufacture of musical instruments and fine furniture. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. In South Africa, the timber is used to manufacture musical instruments, fine furniture, walking sticks and knife handles. Distribution: This African tree has an extensive range on… This plant is extremely slow growing. Guill. Ken Fern, ), A beautiful, small, spiny tree, with fragrant, white, pea-like flowers in dense clusters in early summer; it also produces attractive purple-black heartwood that can be used to make musical instruments. It is sold in small volumes, but at high prices. Dalbergia melanoxylon is traditionally used to treat diarrhoea, headache, bronchitis and colds, rheumatism, prevent miscarriage, treat gonorrhoea, stomachache and abdominal pain, to clean wounds, relieve pain in joints and to treat inflammation in mouth and throat.. African Blackwood is heavy, dense, very hard and very durable, and one of the most valuable timbers in Africa. Winfred Velephi NgwenyaLowveld National Botanical GardenDecember 2019. & Perr. African Blackwood Conservation status Near Threatened (IUCN 2.3) Scientific classification Ki (Dalbergia melanoxylon) About; Range and Habitat; Uses and Threats. Occasionally slightly lighter, with a dark brown or purplish hue. Dalbergia melanoxylon (African blackwood, grenadilla, or mpingo) is a flowering plant in the family Fabaceae, native to seasonally dry regions of Africa from Senegal east to Eritrea and south to the north-eastern parts of South Africa.The tree is an important timber species in its native areas; it is used in the manufacture of musical instruments and fine furniture. Dalbergia melanoxylon, mainly used for the making of woodwind instruments, is the single alternative homogeneous black wood that is still commercially available but is under unsustainable exploitation pressure locally (Jenkins et al., 2002). Useful Tropical Plants Database 2014 by 2017 Germination of Seeds of Melanoxylon brauna Schott. Lemmens, R.H.M.J., 2008. & Perr.) 3 parts potting soil and 1 part river sand), in summer. African Blackwood / Grenadillo Dalbergia Melanoxylon African Blackwood Family: Leguminosae Other Names: Congowood, Mozambique ebony, Senegal ebony Cape Damson ebony. The fruits and foliage are browsed by game and livestock, except horses. It is an important timber species used in making musical instruments and furniture. Schmidt, E., Lötter, M. & McCleland, W. 2002. African blackwood - Dalbergia melanoxylon in the province of Cabo Delgado. Report of Technical Workshop, Pemba, Mozambique, 25-26. & Van Wyk, P. 1997. The leaves and pods provide good mulch and the roots of these trees may improve the soil by nitrogen fixation. However, it is widely exploited for its timber in many parts of Africa, where it is declining, with severely fragmented populations, and is listed as Near Threatened (NT) by the IUCN Red List, with research needed. Common Name: African Blackwood. It is used medicinally to preve… Medicinal uses. Dalbergia melanoxylon is a small, heavily branched tree, typically 4.5-7.5 m tall but occasionally reaching 15 m. The bole is fluted with high narrow ribs separated by deep indentations. The soil should be kept moist all the time, but not wet. & Perr. Dalbergia melanoxylon Guill. Family: Leguminosae. Fabaceae + Synonyms. under Heat Stress: Production … Dalbergia melanoxylon (African blackwood, grenadilla, or mpingo) is a flowering plant in the family Fabaceae, native to seasonally dry regions of Africa from Senegal east to Eritrea and south to the north-eastern parts of South Africa.The tree is an important timber species in its native areas; it is used in the manufacture of musical instruments and fine furniture. Propagation of this species can be achieved by seeds, cuttings and suckers. It is particularly in demand for making wind-instruments and parts of violins. The African Blackwood Tree and the woodworker. https//uses.plantnet.org.en/Dalbergia –melanoxylon-(PROTA). The seed tray should be placed on a raised bench, in a warm area covered with a net, until germination. Selected images: Click on each image to see a larger version and details of the record View all images (19) Lusaka 1976 Drawing: Patricia Bingham. It can fix Nitrogen. Common Uses: Veneer, musical instruments (guitar bodies and fingerboards), furniture, cabinetry, inlays, carving, turned objects, and other small specialty wood items. Jacana, Johannesburg. Dalbergia sissoo is used as firewood, timber, poles, posts, tool handles, fodder, erosion control and as a windbreak. It is a plant of low to moderate elevations and it grows in areas where the mean annual temperature is in the range 18–35ºC and the mean annual rain fall is 700–1 200 mm. Section of wood showing white sapwood and dark heartwood. ... An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant - its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc. Běl je úzká, šedavě bílá. Dalbergia melanoxylon or commonly known as African Blackwood, Grenadilla, or Mpingo is a flowering plant native to Africa. Downloaded 2 December 2019. Richard Morris. Fruit is a small, brown to khaki-coloured, flattened, thin, papery pod, not splitting, with a slight swelling where there is a seed. Marco Schmidt; African plants - A Photo Guide, Günter Baumann; African plants - A Photo Guide, http://www.ars-grin.gov/~sbmljw/cgi-bin/taxnodul.pl?language=en, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Dalbergia melanoxylon Guill. It grows in mixed woodland, thicket, bushveld, on rocky outcrops or termite mounds. 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