"Birth Defects' Common Causes." The issue of birth defects has been a turning job in America. They are the leading cause of death for infants during the first year of life. More and more female parents are making careless Acts of the Apostless, which is easy detrimental. IvyPanda. A large portion of birth defects. Causes of Birth Defects Every day a baby is born with a birth defect, and these defects range from minor abnormalities that need no treatment, to severe defects that may need surgery, need medication, or even cause disabilities. A teratogen is any substance which causes abnormal development of the egg in the mother Yet even more frequently, birth defects are caused by a combination of genetic and environmental factors (Marusinec par. Many different causes of malformations have been established. Different birth defects have different causes, and the causes of many birth defects remain unknown. Mutations causing birth defects are not the result of a single gene but, have some genetic components in their causation. Firstly, anyone who wants to become a parent one day can make the necessary lifestyle changes to eliminate the risk factors that may affect the health of their children. Web. n.d. If you are the copyright owner of this paper and no longer wish to have your work published on IvyPanda. Agent Orange Exposure research papers - Agent Orange Exposure research papers explain how Agent Orange exposure has been linked to a multitude of health effects. 1. This essay on Birth Defects’ Common Causes was written and submitted by your fellow student. One or more genes might have a change or mutation that results in them not working properly, such as in Fragile X syndrome. Birth defects are not merely a medical problem. 7). They have profound effects on the social and psychological well being of their family and friends. Causes of malformations include chromosome abnormalities, single-gene defects, and environmental factors (such as teratogens, which are substances known to cause birth defects). Other factors, such as exposure to toxic chemicals or viruses, also increase risk. Typically, they are divided into two main subgroups: genetic causes and prenatal factors (meaning those that occur during the pregnancy). Simply put, chromosomal abnormalities develop at the time of conception. Yet even more frequently, birth defects are caused by a combination of genetic and environmental factors (Marusinec par. Globally, about six percent of all children (approximately eight million people) are born with some kind of a serious birth defect (Lobo and Zhaurova 1). Get the latest research information from NIH: https://www.covid19.nih.gov/ A specific condition might be caused by one or more of the following primary problems: 1. Moreover, currently, birth defects account for about one-fifth of all newborn deaths, which makes them the leading cause of infant mortality in the United States (Marusinec par. Examples include cleft lip, Down syndrome, and spina bifida. Birth defects have many causes and currently, are the leading cause of death for infants in the first year of life. However, for many birth defects, the causes are unknown.1Also, we don’t fully understand how certain factors might work together to cause birth defects. Where Can I Find Clinical Care Recommendations and Practice Guidelines? We utilize security vendors that protect and Single-gene defects, on the other hand, are inherited from the baby’s parents, and it is typically easier to predict them. For example: 1. Not all birth defects are apparent at birth, particularly the ones that. n.d. Facts about Birth Defects. Many of these errors can be fixed. Exposure of the mother to rubella or German measles during pregnancy, or using drugs or alcohol during pregnancy. Marusinec, Laura E. 2015. A malformation can also be caused by a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Birth defects may be caused by genetic problems, problems with chromosomes, or environmental factors. Dietary deficiency of folic acid also plays a pivotal role in birth defects. Congenital anomalies are also known as birth defects, congenital disorders or congenital malformations. Secondly, since the causes are so poorly understood, further research into them should be supported to find solutions for their prevention or treatment. Similarly, a gene or part of the gene might be missing. Almost 20 percent of deaths in newborns are caused by birth defects. Congenital anomalies can be defined as structural or functional anomalies (for example, metabolic disorders) that occur during intrauterine life and can be identified prenatally, at birth, or sometimes may only be detected later in infancy, such as hearing defects.In simple terms, congenital refers to the existence at or before birth. The majority of medical specialists assign special importance to the infants’ prenatal environment. Birth Defects. IvyPanda. The surveillance of a consecutive population of births, including stillbirths and elective terminations of pregnancy because of fetal anomalies, can identify each infant with malformations and determine the … 3). Birth Defects due to External Agents Chiras (2012) emphasises that most birth defects are caused due to some sort of chemical, physical or biological agents. Retrieved from https://ivypanda.com/essays/birth-defects-common-causes/. The time of exposure to any of these agents play … Chemical Imbalance. Structural defects affect the formation of parts of the body and are defined by physical abnormalities in one or more parts of the body. Birth Defects Essay, Research Paper. 3). "Birth Defects' Common Causes." 3). syndrome: the symptoms that characterize any abnormal condition (due to genetics, development, chronic injury, etc.). A birth defect is a biochemical or physical abnormality that is present at birth, and they usually are caused by environmental influences or inheritance. These include smoking, using illegal drugs, and drinking alcohol while pregnant. It contains thousands of paper examples on a wide variety of topics, all donated by helpful students. Page 1 of 50 - About 500 essays. Lobo, Ingrid and Kira Zhaurova. An example of a chemical birth defect is the disease known as Phenylketonuria, which causes severe mental retardation, behavioural symptoms or seizures. May 10, 2020. https://ivypanda.com/essays/birth-defects-common-causes/. A teratogen is an agent that interferes with the development of an embryo or fetus and causes birth defects. Unfortunately, to many parents, having a baby with a birth defect sounds like a life sentence that they did not deserve. Need a custom Essay sample written from scratch by Moreover, while the specific causes are not yet well understood, certain steps can be taken by soon-to-be parents to increase the chances of a healthy child. "Birth Defects' Common Causes." A birth defect may be broadly grouped into three types. Your privacy is extremely important to us. The genetic causes result from chromosomal abnormalities or single-gene defects (Lobo and Zhaurova 1). While there is a certain stigma attached to children born with such defects, they are far more common than one may think. Certain behaviors and factors are a likely predictor of a birth defect. One of the defects attributed to alcohol consumption during pregnancy is fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS). The leading causes of birth defects is alcohol intake during birth, tobacco and drug usage. Understanding what causes birth defects is important for two reasons. Birth Complications and Child Development, Psychological Effects of Parental Employment and Early Childcare, The effect of methamphetamines on prenatal and postnatal development, Concepts of Prenatal Drug Exposure Vs Poverty on Infants, Neural Development and Fetal Alcohol Syndrome, Therapeutic Recreation - Prader-Willi Syndrome, The Right of Fetus in Each Month of Prenatal Period, Defects in the Motor Industry and Their Causes, Persistent Pulmonary Hypertension of the Newborn (PPHN), Developing Quality Care for the Vulnerable Elderly, Disadvantaged and Vulnerable Populations: Elderly. 2020. They usually result in the death of the embryo or the baby soon after its birth. 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